Pragmatic Practice on Students’ Interview: Exploring Students’ Speech Act and Maxim in English Specific Purposes Program

Afendi Afendi, Slamet Setiawan


Abstract: This study aims to explore the speech act functions and types of maxim emerging in the speech performed by university students during interview; and to examine the accurateness of the students’ responses toward the interview question on English for Specific Purposes (ESP) program. This is qualitative study. The data was collected through documentation from the result of interview to the students of ESP Program. The result shows that the participants demonstrate all components of speech act function in answering the question. This implies that the students are able to answer the question properly although they could not always deliver accurate information because some of their utterances breached the maxim, such as violating the maxim and floating the maxim. It is suggested to do further research on Pragmatic studies related to students’ utterances and factors that make the students break the maxim in the process of teaching and learning; as well as to know the students’ need.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini betujuan untuk mengetahui fungsi tindak tutur dan type maxim yang muncul dalam pernyataan mahasiswa selama wawancara dan untuk menilai keakuaratan jawaban mahasiswa selama wawancara tentang program ESP. Penilitian ini adalah penilitian qualitative yang datanya diambil dari document hasil wawancara terhadap mahasiswa program ESP. Hasil dari penilitian ini menunjukan bahwa partisipan menggunakan seluruh aspek fungsi tindak tutur dalam menjawab pertanyaan. Hal ini menujukkan bahwa mahasiswa mampu menjawab pertanyaan sesui dengan pertanyaan yang diberikan walaupun informasi yang diberikan tidak semuanya akurat, karena beberapa dari jawaban mereka melanggar maksim, seperti violating the maxim dan floating the maxim. Akhirnya penulis menyarankan untuk dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut tentang pragmatic terutama pada ungkapan-ungkapan mahasiswa dan faktor-faktor yang mengakibatkan mahasiswa melanggar maxim untuk mengetahui kebutuhan mahasiswa dalam proses balejar dan mengajar.


Pragmatic; speech act; maxim; ESP

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