Pengaruh Pembelajaran Guided Inquiry Disertai Jurnal Belajar terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa pada Pelajaran Biologi Kelas XI SMA

Desy Wulandari, Maridi Maridi, Riezky Maya Probosari


The purpose of this research is to know the influence of Guided Inquiry learning  with a learning journal on students’ critical thinking skills. The research was considered as quasi experiment research using Nonrandomized Control Group design with Pretest-Posttest. Sampling technique using purposive sampling. The study population is all students of class XI IPA SMA N 1 Karanganyar Academic Year 2017/2018 consisting of eight classes. Sample of class consists of two classes, eksperiment class with Guided Inquiry learning with learning journal and control class with Guided Inquiry learning. Data collection techniques use essays test, observations, and documentation. The normality test with Kormogorov-Smirnov test and homogeneity with Leneve test. Hypothesis test used is Independent t test with 5% (α= 0.05) significance level assisted with SPSS 22. The research procedure includes planning, implementation and data analysis.The conclusion of this research show that  the application of Guided Inquiry learning with learning journal has given effect towards student’s critical thinking skill.


critical thinking, guided inquiry, learning journal, immune system

Full Text:



Angeli, Charoula., and Nicos Valanides. (2008). Instructional effects on critical thinking: Performance on ill-defined issues. Learning and Instruction, 19: 322-334.

Azizmalayeri, K., Jafari, E. M., Sharif, M., Asgari, M., Maboud Omidi, M. (2012). The Impact of Guided Inquiry Methods of Teaching on the Critical Thinking of High School Students. Journal of Education and Practice. Journal of Education and Practice, 3 (10): 42-47.

Buck, Laura B., Stacey Lowery Bretz, and Marcy H. Towns. (2008). Characterizing the Level of Inquiry in the Undergraduate Laboratory. Journal of College Science Teaching: 52-58.

Dahl, Andrew J., James W. Peltier1, and John A. Schibrowsky. (2018). Critical Thinking and Reflective Learning in the Marketing Education Literature: A Historical Perspective and Future Research Needs. Journal of Marketing Education: 1-6.

Dewey, John. (1938). Logic: The Theory of Inquiry. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. P. 484.

Dwyer, Christopher P., Michael J. Hogan, & Ian Stewart. (2014). An integrated critical thinking framework for the 21st century. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 12: 43-45.

Emzir. Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan Kuantitatif & Kualitatif. 2008: Rajawali Press.

Ennis, R. H. (1962). A concept of critical thinking. Harvard Educational Review, 32(1), 81-111.

Ennis, Robert H. (1989). Critical thinking and Subject specificity: Clarification and Needed Research. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCHER, 18 (3): 4-70.

Facione, Peter A. (2011). Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts. Measured Reasons and The California Academic Press, Millbrae, CA. 1-27.

Gambrill, E. (2006). Evidence-based practice and policy: Choices ahead. Research on Social Work Practice, 16 (3): 338–357.

Greenhill, Valerie., & Jonathan Martin. (2014). OECD Test for Schools Implementation Toolkit. EdLeader21: 1-62. Diunduh pada 23 Februari 2018.

Greiff, Samuel., Christoph Niepel, & Sascha Wüstenberg. (2015). 21st century skills: International advancements and recent developments. Thinking Skills and Creativity: 1871-1871.

Indrawati, H. 2012. Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa Melalui Implementasi Model Controversial Issues Pada Mata Kuliah Ekonomi Sumberdaya Manusia dan Alam. Jurnal Pekbis, 4(1): 63-65.

Kennedy M., Fisher M. B. and Ennis, R. H. (1991). Critical Thinking: Literature Review and Needed Research. In: L. and JONES, B. F. (Eds) Educational Values and Cognitive Instruction: Implications for Reform. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Maryati, Tri., Sujono, Slamet Wibawanto. (2013). Perbedaan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Siswa SMK melalui Model Pembelajaran Think Pair Share dengan Menerapkan Jurnal Belajar dan Model Pembelajaran Think Pair Share Mata Pelajaran Kompetensi Kejuruan di SMKN 2 Malang.

Minner, Daphne D., Abigail Jurist Levy, & Jeanne Century. (2010). Inquiry-Based Science Instruction—What Is It and Does It Matter? Results from a Research Synthesis Years 1984 to 2002. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TEACHING, 47(4): 474–496.

OECD. (2015). PISA 2015 Results in Focus. Diunduh pada 23 Februari 2018.

Park, Chris. (2003). Engaging Students in the Learning Process: The learning journal. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 27 (2): 183–199.

Pedaste, Margus., Mario Mäeots, Äli Leijen, and Tago Sarapuu. (2012). Improving Students’ Inquiry Skills through Reflection and Self-Regulation Scaffolds. Cognition and Learning, 9: 81–95.

Pérez, Beatriz Crujeiras & Maria Pilar Jiménez-Aleixandre. (2017). Students’ Progression in Monitoring Anomalous Results Obtained in Inquiry-Based Laboratory Tasks. Res Sci Educ.

Roth, W-M., & Roychoudhury, A. (1993). The development of science process skills in authentic contexts. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 30 (2), 127-152.

Sadeh, Irit & Michal Zion. (2012). Which Type of Inquiry Project Do High School Biology Students Prefer: Open or Guided?. Res Sci Educ, 42: 831.

Suryabrata, Sumardi. (1982). Psikologi Kepribadian. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Thrope, Karran. (2004). Reflective learning journals: From concept to practice. Reflective Practice, 5 (3): 327-343.

Yuwono, Imam., Chairil Faif Pasani. (2018). The Evaluation of Higher Order Thinking Skills Assessmenton of Special Needs Education Students with Guided Inquiry Method. Journal of ICSAR, 2 (1): 28-31


  • There are currently no refbacks.