Implementasi Kebijakan Konservasi Pengawetan dan Pemanfaatan Lestari Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya di Taman Nasional Karimunjawa

Nur Anisa Ariyani, Kismartini Kismartini


The Karimunjawa National Park with lowland tropical rain forest ecosystems, coastal forest ecosystems, mangrove ecosystems, seagrass ecosystems and coral reef ecosystems rich in biodiversity needs conservation in order to avoid species extinction. The purpose of this research is to know the implementation of conservation policy of preservation and sustainable use of biological natural resources and its ecosystem in the Karimunjawa National Park 2012-2016. The research was conducted by qualitative method, processing secondary data from Karimunjawa National Park and interview with key informant. The results showed conservation through preservation activities held by the management of plant and animal species along with their habitat and ecosystem recovery. While conservation through sustainable utilization activities conducted with three activities of research and development of science, education and increasing awareness of nature conservation and the utilization of environmental services with nature tourism. Implementation of conservation policy requires the support of various parties, in addition to Karimunjawa National Park Authority as the manager of the area, the participation of Jepara regency, Central Java Provincial Government, the community, NGOs, researchers, developers and tourism actors is necessary. The involvement of related parties is expected to improve the successful implementation of conservation policies for preservation and sustainable use of biological natural resources and their ecosystems.


Policy implementation; Conservation; Biological diversity resources; Karimunjawa National Park; Presciption and Sustainable use

Full Text:



Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (2016) Laporan Hasil Monitoring Kima, Semarang Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (2016) Laporan Hasil Monitoring Teripang, Semarang Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (2016) Laporan Kegiatan Bersih Pantai Peneluran Penyu, Semarang Chan, E. H. W., & Hou, J. (2015). Developing a framework to appraise the critical success factors of transfer development rights ( TDRs ) for built heritage conservation. Habitat International, 46, 35–43. Darlington M. 2010. Infographic: Top 20 countries with most endangered species. MNN Holding Co.

matters/animals/stories/infographic-top-20-countrieswith-most-endangered-species [10 Juli 2017]. Does, W. H. Y., & Matter, E. (n.d.). Species Extinction – The Facts. nction_05_2007.pdf download tanggal 10 Juli 2017 Direktorat Jenderal Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistem (2015), Pedoman Penilaian Efektifitas Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi di Indonesia Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) Dye, Thomas R. (1992), Understanding Public Policy, Prince Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, United State of America, 1992 IUCN Red List Brochure_2015, diakses tanggal 10 Juli 2017 nts/IUCN_Red_List_Brochure_2015_LOW.pdf Joko Widodo. (2006). Analisis Kebijakan Publik: Konsep dan Aplikasi Analisis Proses Kebijakan Publik, Malang, Bayumedia Publishing Kalaba, F. K. (2016). Forest Policy and Economics Barriers to policy implementation and implications for Zambia’s forest ecosystems. Forest Policy and Economics, 69, 40–44. Kamal, M., Hartono, H., Wicaksono, P., Adi, N. S., & Arjasakusuma, S. (2016). Assessment of Mangrove Forest Degradation Through Canopy Fractional Cover in Karimunjawa Island, Central Java, Indonesia. Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning, 3(2), 107. Laporan Tahunan Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa 2012-2016 Maier, C., & Winkel, G. (2016). Forest Policy and Economics Implementing nature conservation through integrated forest management : A streetlevel bureaucracy perspective on the German public forest sector. Forest Policy and Economics. Muhumuza, M., & Balkwill, K. (2013). Factors Affecting the Success of Conserving Biodiversity in National Parks : A Review of Case Studies from Africa, 2013. diakses tanggal 10 Juli 2017 Statistik Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa, 20122016 Sugiyono (2012). Metode penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta Wildlife Consevation Society Indonesia Program (2016), Laporan Teknis Monitoring Ekosistem Terumbu Karang Taman Nasional Karimunjawa, Bogor


  • There are currently no refbacks.