The Relationship Between Educational Level of Fertile Age Women and Contraception Knowledge to Prevent the Unwanted Pregnancy in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era

Annita Viesta Nirmala Dewi, Nudiya Salwa Syifa Kamila, Siti Nurhidayati


Indonesia has the potential for a baby boom after the COVID-19 pandemic. The cause of this issue is the decline of contraception used by fertile age couples. The decline of contraception used lead to unwanted pregnancies. This study were conducted to find out the relationship about educational level in fertile age women regarding contraception. This cross-sectional study was done in 27 provinces in Indonesia and it was found about 279 fertile age women with different educational backgrounds. The respondents who met the inclusion criteria were married women by 104 people from 19 different provinces. The educational level groupings are intermediate (Middle School and High School), vocational (D1/D2/D3), and higher education (Bachelor/Master). The respondents were asked to answer questions about contraceptives through questionnaires distributed on social media. Next, the data were process by using univariate dan bivariate as well as the chi square test with 24 version of SPSS. The result showed that 53.8% of respondents who have good knowledge about contraception, respondents who have poor knowledge about contraceptives are 46.2%. There is a relationship between educational level of fertile age women and knowledge about contraception (p-value: 0,001), and the unmet need is one of the factors which causes unwanted pregnancies, therefore, the efforts are needed to eliminate unmet need to reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancies during the COVID-19 pandemic.


contraception; fertile age; education; unmet need; women

Full Text:



[1] L. M. Vallely, R. Emori, H. Gouda, S. Phuanukoonnon, C. S. E. Homer, and A. J. Vallely, “Women’s knowledge of maternal danger signs during pregnancy: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in Papua New Guinea,” Midwifery, vol. 72, pp. 7–13, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2019.02.001.

[2] United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division, World Fertility 2019. 2019.

[3] C. Abbafati et al., “Global age-sex-specific fertility, mortality, healthy life expectancy (HALE), and population estimates in 204 countries and territories, 1950–2019: a comprehensive demographic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019,” Lancet, vol. 396, no. 10258, pp. 1160–1203, 2020, doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30977-6.

[4] Badan Pusat Statistik, “Indonesia Population Census 2020,” no. 7, pp. 1–12, 2021.

[5] Badan Pusat Statistik, “Catalog : 1101001,” Stat. Indones. 2020, vol. 1101001, p. 790, 2020.

[6] BKKBN, “Rencana Strategis BKKBN 2020,” 2020. .

[7] S. E. Vollset et al., “Fertility, mortality, migration, and population scenarios for 195 countries and territories from 2017 to 2100: a forecasting analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study,” Lancet, vol. 396, no. 10258, pp. 1285–1306, 2020, doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30677-2.

[8] H. Kusyanto, “Review Penurunan Fertilitas Di Negara Berkembang : Tren Dan Penjelasan,” Publikauma J. Adm. Publik Univ. Medan Area, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 34–40, 2017, doi: 10.31289/publika.v5i2.1442.

[9] The World Bank, “Maternal Mortality Ratio (Modeled Estimate, per 100,000 Live Births) - Indonesia | Data,” The World Bank, 2019. .

[10] S. Purwanti, “Dampak Penurunan Jumlah Kunjungan Kb Terhadap Ancaman Baby Boom Di Era Covid-19. vol. XVI, no. 2, 2021.

[11] S. Setiasih, B. Widjanarko, and T. Istiarti, “Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pemilihan Metode Kontrasepsi Jangka Panjang (MKIP) pada Wanita Pasangan Usia Subur (PUS) di Kabupaten Kendal Tahun 2013,” J. Promosi Kesehat. Indones., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 32–46, 2016, doi: 10.14710/jpki.11.2.32-46.

[12] Karmila, F. S. Dewi Harahap, and R. Saragih, “Perspektif Agama Islam Dan Kesehatan Tentang Penggunaan Alat Kontrasepsi (Akjp) Implant Di BPM Keluarga Sehat Kecamatan Darul Hasanah Kabupaten Aceh Tenggara Provinsi Aceh Tahun 2019,” J. Healthc. Technol. Med., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1000–1013, 2020, doi: 10.33143/jhtm.v6i2.1086.

[13] W. Mubarak, Promosi Kesehatan Untuk Kebidanan. 2011.

[14] B. Handayani and N. I. Rahmawati, “Tingkat Pendidikan PUS Berhubungan dengan Pemilihan Jenis Alat Kontrasepsi tetapi Tidak Berhubungan dengan Keikutsertaan KB di Desa Argomulyo, Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta,” J. Ners dan Kebidanan Indones., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 2016, doi: 10.21927/jnki.2016.4(1).11-18.

[15] U. Listyaningsih, S. Sumini, and S. Satiti, “UNMET NEED: KONSEP YANG MASIH PERLU DIPERDEBATKAN,” Populasi, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 72–90, 2016, doi: 10.22146/jp.23696.

[16] World Health Organization South East Asia, UNFPA, and Unicef, “Continuing essential Sexual , Reproductive , Maternal , Neonatal , Child and Adolescent Health services during COVID-19 pandemic Continuing essential Sexual Reproductive , Maternal , Neonatal , Child and Operational guidance for South and South-East Asia,” 2020.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike International 4.0 (CC BY-SA 4.0).