Effect Of Progressive Muscle Relaxation On Anxiety

Erindra Budi Cahyanto, Kanthi Suratih


Background : Teenagers need support to get through the musical period, let alone living with their parents. In the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, the stressors experienced are even greater. Adolescents need non-pharmacological support to stay healthy. This study aims to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on adolescent anxiety in orphanages.

Subjects and Methods: This type of research is quasi-experimental. This research was conducted at the Mardhatillah Sukoharjo Orphanage, Central Java. The subjects were 42 people, divided into the control group (27 people) and the intervention group (15 people). Measurements were made before and before the intervention. The intervention group received the usual treatment plus progressive muscle relaxation for 4 weeks, while the control group was given the usual treatment. The measuring instrument uses HARS. Data were analyzed by paired t test not using the SPSS 21 program.

Results: There was a significant difference between the treatment and control groups with a mean of 7.80 and 10.48 (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Advanced muscle relaxation can reduce the anxiety of adolescents living in the Mardhatillah orphanage, Sukoharjo, Central Java.

Keywords: Progressive muscle relaxation; teenager; orphanage, anxiety


Progressive muscle relaxation; teenager; orphanage, anxiety

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The conclusion of this study is that progressive muscle relaxation reduces adolescent anxiety at the Mardhatillah Sukoharjo orphanage. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to acknowledgements LPPM UNS for providing financial assistance and all levels of the Mardhatillah orphanage management who have given research permits. REFERENCES 1. Satgas COVID 19. Beranda _ Covid19 [Internet]. 2021. 2021. p. 1. Available from: https://covid19.go.id/ 2. Kemenkes R. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor HK.01.07/MenKes/413/2020 Tentang Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19). MenKes/413/2020. 2020;2019:207. 3. Guo F, Tian Y, Zhong F, Wu C, Cui Y, Huang C. Intensity of physical activity and depressive symptoms in college students: Fitness improvement tactics in youth (fityou) project. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2020;13:797–811. 4. Meyer J, McDowell C, Lansing J, Brower C, Smith L, Tully M, et al. Changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in response to covid-19 and their associations with mental health in 3052 us adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(18):1–13. 5. Octavius GS, Silviani FR, Lesmandjaja A, Angelina, Juliansen A. Impact of COVID-19 on adolescents’ mental health: a systematic review. Middle East Curr Psychiatry. 2020;27(1). 6. Ningrum N. Hubungan Antara Coping Strategy Dengan Kenakalan Pada Remaja Awal. J Psikol Tabularasa. 2012;7(1):481–9. 7. Rahmah S, Asmidir A, Nurfahanah N. Masalah-Masalah yang dialami Anak Panti Asuhan dalam Penyesuaian Diri dengan Lingkungan. Konselor. 2016;3(3):107. 8. Keliat BA, Marlianna T. Buku-DKJPS-Bencana-1.pdf [Internet]. Jakarta: Penerbit UI; 2018. Available from: http://ipkji.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Buku-DKJPS-Bencana-1.pdf 9. Patel V, Saxena S, Lund C, Thornicroft G, Baingana F, Bolton P, et al. The Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development. Lancet. 2018;392(10157):1553–98. 10. Anuar A Bin, Anas M, Samad S. Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Academic Stress in Students. J Psikol Pendidik dan Konseling J Kaji Psikol Pendidik dan Bimbing Konseling. 2019;5(2):134. 11. Makwa DJ, Hidayati E. Progressive Muscle Relaxation to Reduce Anxiety in Junior High School Students. Int J Latest Res Humanit Soc Sci (IJLRHSS [Internet]. 2020;03(11):16–22. Available from: www.ijlrhss.com 12. Abdelaziz KS, Botla AM, Hassan AM. Effect of Different Relaxation Techniques on Depression in Adolescent Girls: a Randomized Clinical Trial. Egypt J Appl Sci. 2020;35(12):151–60. 13. Sahin G, Basak T. The Effects of Intraoperative Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Virtual Reality Application on Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Satisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Perianesthesia Nurs [Internet]. 2020;35(3):269–76. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2019.11.002 14. Galego G, Balanza S, Llopis JL, Mendes AG, Perez JO. Nurse Education Today. Nurse Educ Today [Internet]. 2019;104743. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2020.104743 15. Wilczyńska D, Łysak-Radomska A, Podczarska-Głowacka M, Zajt J, Dornowski M, Skonieczny P. Evaluation of the effectiveness of relaxation in lowering the level of anxiety in young adults – A pilot study. Int J Occup Med Enviro Health. 2019;32(6):817–24.


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