HUBUNGAN POLA PEMBERIAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING ASI DENGAN BERAT BADAN BAYI USIA 6-12 BULAN DI KELURAHAN WONOREJO KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR

hardiningsih hardiningsih, Sri Anggarini, Fresthy Astrika Yunita, Agus Eka Nurma Yuneta, Nur Dewi Kartikasari, Ropitasari Ropitasari

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Pola pemberian makanan sangat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan berat badan bayi. ASI saja tidak bisa memenuhi semua kebutuhan energi dan zat gizinya, karena pemenuhan gizi bayi dari ASI hanya sebesar 65 – 80 %. Pola pemberian makanan pada bayi sangat berhubungan dengan berat badan bayi, karena pola tersebut memberikan gambaran frekuensi pemberian makan, jenis/ bentuk makanan maupun jumlah takaran yang diberikan. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu enganalisis hubungan pola pemberian makanan pendamping ASI dengan berat badan bayi usia 6-12 bulan.

Metode penelitian: Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di posyandu kelurahan Wonorejo Kabupaten Karanganyar. Populasi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah ibu yang mempunyai bayi berusia 6-12 bulan di posyandu kelurahan Wonorejo. Teknik cluster random sampling. Alat ukur kuesioner, lembar wawancara, timbangan bayi dan KMS. Analisis data dengan uji statistik Chi Square.

Hasil penelitian: Mayoritas responden yang diteliti memberikan MP-ASI secara tepat, baik dalam hal bentuk MP-ASI (65%), frekuensi pemberian (72.2%), dan jumlah takaran (70%).  Pada variabel berat badan yaitu mayoritas berat badan bayi meningkat (17.5%). Selanjutnya, terdapat hubungan bentuk MP-ASI terhadap berat badan (OR= 18.75; p=0.02); terdapat hubungan frekuensi pemberian MP-ASI terhadap berat badan (OR= 11.25; p=0.04); serta terdapat hubungan jumlah takaran MP-ASI terhadap berat badan (OR= 27; p<0.001).

Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian ini, mayoritas responden yang diteliti telah memberikan MP-ASI sesuai pola yang dianjurkan.  Pada variabel berat badan yaitu mayoritas berat badan bayi meningkat. Selanjutnya, terdapat hubungan bentuk, frekuensi, serta jumlah takaran MP-ASI terhadap berat badan.

Keywords

pola pemberian; MP-ASI; berat badan bayi

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References

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