Analysis of Enterpreneurial Intent in Vocational High School Students Based on a Review on Contextual, Background, and Personal Characteristics

Ahmad Fauzi, Indah Widiastuti, Suharno Suharno


The high unemployment rate in Indonesia was dominated by vocational high school graduates approximately 8.63% of the 6.82 million. Therefore, to counter the circumstance, more entrepreneurs are required to explore job creation opportunities. This research was aimed at identifying the effects of entrepreneurial activity, gender, parents, self-confidence, and motivation on the entrepreneurial intent of vocational high school students. This study uses a descriptive method with a quantitative approach. The sample in this study was 85 final-year students of a high school in Central Java. A set of questionnaires was administered to explore the relationship between entrepreneurial intent and other contextual factors. The data derived from the survey were analyzed by correlation analysis and multiple regression. The results showed a positive and significant effect on entrepreneurial activity, self-confidence, and motivation, with regression coefficients of 0.056, 0.098, and 0.083, respectively. These three variables separately exhibited zero significance. Meanwhile, gender indicated a negative and major influence, with a regression coefficient of -0.171 and a significance level of 0.006. However, parents were not able to demonstrate any effect but recorded a regression coefficient of 0.176. Thus, entrepreneurial activity, self-confidence and student motivation may affect the intention to be an entrepreneur. It is expected that this study could be a reference in developing students' entrepreneurship intent.



correlation; entrepreneurial activities; entrepreneurial intent; multiple regression

Full Text:



Adi, F., Sumarwan, U., & Fahmi, I. (2018). Pengaruh Faktor Sikap, Norma Subjektif, Demografi, Sosioekonomi serta Literasi Keuangan Syariah dan Konvensional terhadap Minat Berwirausaha pada Mahasiswa. Al-Muzara’ah.

Aprilianty, E. (2013). Pengaruh kepribadian wirausaha, pengetahuan kewirausahaan, dan lingkungan terhadap minat berwirausaha siswa SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 2(3), 311–324.

Damayanti, N. (2013). Perbedaan jenis kelamin terhadap minat berwirausaha mahasiswa jurusan pendidikan ekonomi universitas negeri surabaya. Jurnal Pendidikan Tata Niaga.

Eka, P., Yanti, D., Nuridja, I. M., & Dunia, I. K. (2014). Pengaruh lingkungan keluargaTerhadap Berwirausaha Siswa Kelas XI Smk Negeri 1 Singaraja. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 4(1), 1–11.

Putri, T. S., Ganarsih, L., & Ibrahim, R. (2014). Pengaruh sosio demografi dan kemampuan terhadap minat berwirausaha mahasiswa/i fakultas ekonomi di universitas islam riau. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi, 1(2), 1-15.

Kirkwood, J. (2012). Family Matters: Exploring the Role of Family in the New Venture Creation Decision. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship.

Nowiński, W., Haddoud, M. Y., Lančarič, D., Egerová, D., & Czeglédi, C. (2019). The impact of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and gender on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in the Visegrad countries. Studies in Higher Education.

Syafrizaldi, S. (2018). Hubungan Konsep Diri dengan Minat Wirausaha pada Mahasiswa Universitas Medan Area. Journal of Education, Humaniora and Social Sciences (JEHSS).

Widiyarini. (2018). Mengurangi Pengangguran Terdidik dengan Meningkatkan Semangat Kewirausahaan Melalui Pelatihan Jasa Laundry. Sosio E-Kons, 10(3), 199–206.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Fauzi, Indah Widiastuti, Suharno Suharno

View My Stats

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.