Nina Romapurnamasari


This study aimed to examine the effect of private demandsto personal Internet use at workplace with four moderating variables and its influence on employee performance.The population in this study were 50 employees at the Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta and 60 employees Perum Perhutani Wilayah Surakarta. Simple random sampling is used to select the sample and the sample obtained 107 employees. This study uses Moderated Regression Analysis and Simple Regression Analysis.

The results showed that the private demands affect the use of personal Internet at workplace and influence at the workplace also successfully predicted as a moderating variable in the relationship. In addition it was also found that the use of personal Internet at workplace affect employee performance. But for the other results, border strength, identification with and perceive the job of supervisor support for border crossing failure predicted as a moderating variable on the relationship of private demands on the use of personal Internet at workplace.

Full Text:



Ali-Hassan, H., Nevo, D., Kim, H. and Perelgut, S. 2011. Organizational social computing and employee job performance: the knowledge access route, System Sciences (HICSS), 44th Hawaii International Conference on, IEEE, pp. 1-10.

Anandarajan, M. 2002, Internet abuse in the workplace, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 45, pp. 53-4.

Anne T. Lawrence & James Weber, 2011. Technology, Organizations, and Society, Business and Society : Stakeholders, Ethics, Public Policy, 13, pp. 268-277.

Ashforth, B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. 2000. All in a day’s work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25, 472–491. http://

AT & T. 2008, Social Networking in the Workplace Increases Efficiency, Dynamic Markets Limited, London.

Bennett, J., Owers, M., Pitt, M. and Tucker, M. 2010, Workplace impact of social networking, Property Management, Vol. 28 No. 3, pp. 138-148.

Bock, G.-W., & Ho, S. L. 2009. Non-work related computing (NWRC). Communications of the ACM, 52(4), 124–128. 1498765.1498799.

Clark, S. C. 2000. Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53, 747–770. 0018726700536001.

Clark, S. C. 2002. Communicating across the work/home border. Community, Work & Family, 5, 23–48.

Coker, B. L. S. 2013. Workplace internet leisure browsing. Human Performance, 26, 114–125.

Cornelius J. K. & Mariette E. C. 2013. Exploring the positive side of personal internet use at work: Does it help in managing the border between work and nonwork? Computers in Human Behavior, 30 355–360

Coyle, C.L.V.H. 2008, Social networking: communication revolution or evolution?, Bell Labs Technical Journal, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 13-17.

de Lara, P. Z. M., Tacoronte, D. V., & Ding, J.-M. T. 2006. Do current anticyberloafing disciplinary practices have a replica in research findings? A study of the effects of coercive strategies on workplace internet misuse. Internet Research, 16, 450–467.

Ferris, N. 2000, Cleaning up your e-mail, Government Executive, Vol. 32 No. 6, pp. 95-6.

Frone, M.R , M. Russell & M.L Cooper, 1992. Relationship Between Job And Family Satisfaction : Causal or Noncausal Covariation?, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.77 No.1; 65-78

Garrett, R. K., & Danziger, J. N. 2008. Disaffection or expected outcomes: Understanding personal Internet use during work. Journal of Computer- Mediated Communication, 13, 937–958. 6101.2008.00425.x.

Greenhaus, Jeffrey H., and Beutell, Nicholas J. 1985. Sources of Conflictbetween Work and Family Roles. Journal of The Academy of Management Review, 10: 76-88.

Guitian, Gregorio. 2009. Conciliating Work and Family: a Catholic Social Teaching Perspective. Journal of Business Ethic, 88: 513-524.

Hasibuan, Malayu S.P. 2005. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (edisi revisi). Bumi Aksara. Jakarta.

Hill, E. J., Yang, C., Hawkins, A. J., & Ferris, M. 2004. A cross‐cultural test of the work‐family interface in 48 countries. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 66 (5), 1300‐1316.

Henle, C. A., Kohut, G., & Booth, R. 2009. Designing electronic use policies to enhance employee perceptions of fairness and to reduce cyberloafing: An empirical test of justice theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 902–910.

Irawan, 2000, Manajemen Pemasaran Modern, Edisi Kedua, Cetakan Kedua, Penerbit: Liberty, Yogyakarta.

Ioan, L., Codruta, O. and Patricia, R. 2010, The role of work-life balance practices in order to improve organizational performance, European Research Studies, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 201-213.

Ivarsson, L., & Larsson, P. 2011. Personal internet usage at work: A source of recovery. Journal of Workplace Rights, 16, 63–81. WR.16.1.e.

Jia, H., Jia, R., & Karau, S. 2013. Cyberloafing and personality: The impact of the Big Five traits and workplace situational factors. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 20, 358–365. 1548051813488208.

Lavoie, J. A. A., & Pychyl, T. A. 2001. Cyberslacking and the procrastination superhighway: A web-based survey of online procrastination, attitudes, and emotion. Social Science Computer Review, 19, 431–444. 10.1177/089443930101900403.

Leidner, D., Koch, H. and Gonzalez, E. 2010, Assimilating generation Y IT new hires into USAA’s workforce: the role of an enterprise 2.0 system, MIS Quarterly Executive, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 229-242.

Liberman, B., Seidman, G., McKenna, K. Y. A., & Buffardi, L. E. 2011. Employee job attitudes and organizational characteristics as predictors of cyberloafing. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 2192–2199.

Marsan, C.D. 2000, Employee study cites rampant internet abuse, Network World, Vol. 17 No. 17, p. 38.

Massari, L. 2010, Analysis of MySpace user profiles, Information Systems Frontiers, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 361-367.

Moqbel, M. 2012, Understanding workplace adoption of social networking sites: employers’ perspective, Studies in Business and Economics, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 37-54.

Moqbel, M., Saggi Nevo, Ned Kock. 2013, Organizational members’ use of social networking sites and job performance. Information Technology & People, Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 240-264.

North, M. 2010, An evaluation of employees’ attitudes toward social networking in the workplace, Issues in Information Systems, Vol. XI No. 1, pp. 192-197.

O’Murchu, I., Breslin, J.G. and Decker, S. 2004, Online Social and Business Networking Communities, Digital Enterprise Research Institute, Galway.

Reinecke, L. 2009. Games at work: The recreational use of computer games during working hours. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 461–465. 10.1089/cpb.2009.0010.

Richards, J. 2012. What has the internet ever done for employees? A review, map and research agenda. Employee Relations, 34, 22–43. 01425451211183246.

Rooksby, J., Baxter, G., Cliff, D., Greenwood, D., Harvey, N., Kahn, A., Keen, J. and Sommerville, I. 2009, Social Networking and the Workplace, The UK Large Scale Complex IT Systems Initiative, St Andrews.

Sharma, S.K. and Gupta, J.T.N. 2003, Improving workers’ productivity and reducing internet abuse, The Journal of Computer Information Systems, Vol. 44 No. 2, pp. 74-8.

Strader, T. J., Fichtner, J. R., Clayton, S. R., & Simpson, L. A. 2011. The impact of context on employee perceptions of acceptable non-work related computing. International Journal of Technoethics, 2, 30–44. jte.2011040103.

Veithzal, Rivai. 2005. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Voydanoff, P. 2004. The effects of work demands and resources on work‐tofamily conflict and facilitation. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 66, 398‐412.

Wibowo. 2007. Manajemen Kinerja, PT. Rajagrafindo Persada, Jakarta

Yang, N; Chen, C C; Zou Y. 2000. Sources of Work-Family Conflict : A Sino-US Comparison of The Effects of Work and Family Demands. Academy Management Journal, Vol. 43, No.1, p:113-123.


  • There are currently no refbacks.