ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN PARTIKEL AKHIR KALIMAT BAHASA JEPANG DAN BAHASA INDONESIA BERDASARKAN TEORI TERITORI INFORMASI

Hani Wahyuningtias, Ari Artadi, Hermansyah Djaya

Abstract


In Japanese language, the ending particles of the sentence often used in conversation (kaiwa) is 'ne ()' and 'yo ()'. In Indonesian, the equivalent of 'ne' and 'yo' is "ya" and "lho". By using language comparison methodology, Information Territory Theory and Japanese comics which have been translated into Indonesian as a source of data, this study sought to examine more deeply the use and function of sentence ending particle 'ne' and 'yo'. The results show that the particle 'ne' indicates "kakunin: confirmation", and the particle 'yo' indicates "suiron: inference." Confirmation and inference are efforts to draw attention to the speaker while the word 'ya' shows 'solidarity' and 'lho' shows 'subtle rebuttal'. Both solidarity and subtle rebuttal is a consideration mirror to other people. In conclusion, the particle 'ne' and 'yo' indicate that Japanese is a language that centered on the speaker (hanashitechushin) while Indonesian is a language that centered on the interlocutor (kikitechusin) .Therefore the Indonesian translation of 'ne' is not always translated as 'ya' and 'yo' is not always translated as "lho".

 

Keywords: Comparative Language, Pragmatics, Modalities, Sentence Ending particle


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References


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Kridalaksana, Harimurti (1989) Introduction to Word Formation and Word Classes in Indonesian, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Indonesia.

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Stevens, A. M. dan Schmidgall-Tellings, A. Ed (2010) A Comprehensive Indonesian-English Dictionary (2nd edition), Ohio Unversity Press.

Wouk, Fay (2001) Solidality in Indonesian Conversation: The Discourse Marker “ya” Journal of Pragmatics 33: pp 171-191.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/pras.v0i0.1532

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/pras.v0i0.1532.g1422

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