AFIKS-AFIKS PEMBENTUK VERBA DENOMINAL DALAM BAHASA JAWA

Nanik Herawati, Rustono Rustono, Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo

Abstract


Research purposes are (1) to identify affixes in Javanese language which form denominal verbs and to explain the functions and meanings of javanese verbal derivation, and (2) to explain productivity of derivative affixes in forming denominal verbs in Javanese languange. The theoritical basis used in the research covers (1) morphology,  (2) verbs, (3) affixes, (4) derivational morphology, (5) inflectional morphology (6) kinds of Javanese derivations, and (7) productivity of affixes in Javanese verbs. This research is qualitative one with linguistic structure as  research method. This research data is in the form of sentences in which there are verb affixation that occupy the function as predikat in the sentences.  Agih method is used in data analysis.  The study of denominal verb in the Javanese language with the process of affixation can be in the forms of: (1) affixes that form denominal verbs, (2) infixes that form denominal verbs, (3) suffixes that form denominal verb, and (4) combined affixed  that form denominal verbs. Productivity of affixes in forming Javanese denominal verbs can be: (1) prefix with high productivity in forming Javanese denominal verbs, (2)  infixes with fair productivity in forming Javanese denominal verbs, (3) suffixes with high productivity in forming Javanese denominal verbs, and (4) combined affixes with high productivity in forming Javanese denominal verbs.

Key words: derivation, affixes, verbs.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/prasasti.v1i2.1914

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