Analgesic Activity of Ethanolic Extracts of Karika Leaves (Carica pubescens) In Vivo

Heru Sasongko, Sugiyarto Sugiyarto, Nur Rohman Efendi, Diah Pratiwi, Ahmad Dwi Setyawan, Tetri Widiyani

Abstract


Karika (Carica pubescens)is a typical plant of the Dieng plateau. Previous study showed that Caricapubescenscontains chemical compound such as flavonoid that play role in analgesic activity. This study was aimed to determine the analgesic activity of etanolic extracts of karika leaves) in vivo using writhing method. The study was conducted on 25 male mice strain Swiss-Webster (20-30 g, 2-3 months) that were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group I was given distilled water 1 mL (p.o) as negative control, group II was given tramadol 50 mg/kgBW (p.o) as positive control, and group III-V received an etanolic extracts of karika leaves in 3 doses, i.e. 20 mg/kgBW, 40 mg/kgBW, and 80 mg/kgBW (p.o), respectively. Acetic acid 0,5% (v/v) was used as pain inductor.  The writhe was observed within 1 hour. Data analysis was carried out by using one way ANOVA. The result showed that the ethanol extract of leaves Karika (Carica pubescens) have activity as an analgesic at a dose of 20 mg / kg, 40 mg / kg and 80 mg / KgBW (p <0.05), chemically induced, where a dose of 80 mg / KgBW (p.o) produce the most high analgesic activity.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/jpscr.v1i2.1938

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