VARIASI CANGKANG GASTROPODA EKOSISTEM MANGROVE CILACAP SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF SUMBER PEMBELAJARAN MOLUSKA; GASTROPODA

PUGUH KARYANTO, MARIDI MARIDI, METI INDROWATI

Abstract

The aim of this research was to identify some characters of mangrove gastropod’s shell, which varied among species and modified from its basic structure. Some characters are often lost or added make some difficulties for the student to identify the characters. Those characters are also confusing and lead to missidentification respectively. From that case, studying the variation of the shell characters among species and its modification from the original structure of gastropod's shell is needed. A model and description of the shell and its characters is useful guide for identification and also as an  alternative teaching material for studying the gastropod.

Mangrove gastropod's specimens from previous research ( Karyanto et al. 2003) are the materials studied on; represent the numerous variation and modification of gastropod's shell. The basic structures are identified according to Robert et al (1982), Pechenik (1991) and Beeslev et al (1998). Variation and modification whether reduction or addition from its original were then mentioned and schemed. The shells of the 9 families of gastropod show some specific features, which respective to the shell structure offamily, thus the identification to the family can be carried out by using the shell characters offamily. Some characters that lead to the genera and species are more various and sophisticate. Axial ridges, transversal ridges, eroded apex, elongated siphonal canal, spine, thickened aperture, the presence of the aperture teeth, thickening operculum with calcareous material and coloration are some variant that obtained. Those characters reflect modification and play some important notes while studying the shell

Keywords

Mangrove gastropods; shell variation; alternative learning resources

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References

Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B., Wells. 1998. Mollusca : The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia Vol 5. CSIRO Publishing. Melbourne. Part A XVI 563 pp, Part B VIII 565-1234 pp.

Dharma, B. 1998. Siput dan Kerang Indonesia I & II cet:2. PT Sarana Graha. Jakarta. Indonesia.

Pechenik, J.A. 1991. Biology of the Invertebrate. WCB Publisher. USA

Robert, D., Soemodihardjo, W., Lastoro. 1982. Shallow Water Mollusc of North-West Java. Lembaga Oseanologi Nasional. LIPI. Jakarta. Indonesia

Karyanto, P., S.D. Tandjung., Suwamo, H. 2003. Struktur Komunitas Gastropoda Mangrove Sungai Donan, Sungai Dangal dan Klaces, Segara Anakan Cilacap. [Thesis] Yogyakarta : Universitas Gadjah Mada.

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