IDENTIFIKASI JENIS, KERAPATAN DAN DIVERSITAS PLANKTON BENTOS SEBAGAI BIOINDIKATOR PERAIRAN SUNGAI PEPE SURAKARTA (IDENTIFICATION, DENSITY AND DIVERSITY OF PLANKTON AND BENTOS AS BIOINDICATOR AT PEPE RIVER SURAKARTA)

METI INDROWATI, TJAHJADI PURWOKO, ESTU RETNANINGTYAS, RARAS IKA YULIANTI, SITI NURJANAH, DWITO PURNOMO, PANDU HARYO WIBOWO

Abstract

Plankton and benthos are two communities of organisms that can be used as bioindicator of aquatic environment. The purpose of this research were to determine kinds, density and diversity of plankton and benthos in Pepe river Surakarta as bioindicator.
Study site was devided into 3 station as sampling location. Data sampling of identifying the type, density and calculating the value of diversity index (ID) according to Shannon Wiener for-mula. Investigations carried out measurements of environmental parameters, namely tempera-ture, pH and Dissolved Oxygen
The result showed that 1) identified 20 kinds of plankton in Pepe river Surakarta namely Spirogy- ra, Eustbidentat, Pleurosigma, Oscilatoria, Euglena, Aungilospora, Gonatozygon, Dendrospora, Amoeba, Blepharisma sp, Hapalosiphon, Skeletonema, Synura, Stentor, Worochinia, Leptomitus, Peridinium, Paramecium, Volvox, Rhizosolenia, and Lyngbia with the composition and density vary between each sampling site, 2) Identified 3 kinds of benthos in Pepe river Surakarta namely Melanoides sp, Lymnaea sp and Fimbria fimbriata with the composition and density vary between each sampling site and 3 ) the Shannon Wiener Diversity Index (ID) of plankton and benthos in Pepe river Surakarta ranged from 0.98 to 1.98, showing the condition of polluted waters from mild to severe, varied between sampling sites.

Keywords

plankton; bentos; density; diversity; Pepe river

References

Ari Susilowati, Wiryanto dan Ainur Rohimah. 2001. Kekayaan Fitoplankton dan Zooplankton pada Sungai sungai Kecil di Hutan Jobolarangan. Biodiversitas Vol 2 Nomor 2.

C J Krebs. 2001. Ecology :the experi­mental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance 5th edition. San fransisco : Benjamin Cummings Cox, G.W. 1999. Laboratory Manual of general Ecology. San Diego : WCB Company Publisher

C Reynolds. 2006. Ecology of Phyto­plankton, Ecology Biodiversity and Conversation. Cambridge University Press

M Ferianita Fachrul, Herman Haeruman, Lestari C Sitepu. 2005. Komunitas Fitoplankton sebagai Bio Indikator Perairan Teluk Jakarta. Ja­karta : Seminar Nasional MIPA Univ. Indonesia

M Ferianita Fachrul, Setijati H.Ediyono dan Monika Wulandari. 2008. Komposisi dan Model Kemelimpahan Fitoplankton di Perairan Sungai Ciliwung Jakarta. Biodiversitas Vol 9 Nomor 4.

M Indrowati, Wiryanto dan Prabang Setyono . 2003. Jenis dan Pola Distribusi Gastropoda di Sungai Pepe Surakarta. Enviro Jurnal Ilmiah lingkungan hidup Vol 3 Nomor 2

OP Astirin, AD Setyawan dan Marti Harini. 2001. Keragaman Plankton sebagai Indikator Kualitas Sungai di Kota Surakarta. Biodiversitas Vol 3 Nomor 2.

Roberts D, S Soemodiharjo dan W Kastoro. 1982. Shallow water Marine Molluscs of North West Java. Ja­karta : Lembaga Oseanologi Na- sional LIPI

Suwondo, Elya febrita, Dessy dan Mahmud Alpusari. 2005. Kualitas biologi Perairan Sungai Senapelan, Sago dan Sail di Kota Pekanbaru Berdasarkan Bioindikator Plank­ton Bentos. Jurnal Biogenesis Vol 1 Nomor 1.

Wisnu Wardhana. 2003. Penggolongan Plankton. (materi pelatihan teknik Sampling dan identifikasi Plankton. Balai pengembangan dan Pengujian Mutu perikanan. Jakarta : 7-8 mei 2003.

Wisnu Wardhana. 2006. Metode Prakiran Dampak dan Pengelolaannya. Materi Pelatihan Penyusun AMDAL. Jakarta : PPSML UI

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.