Rochmat Susanto


This article is aimed at explaining the hypotheses of FLA (First Language Acquisition) and children language development. As we know that there are many hypotheses and theories concerning about language FLA and language development as well. Therefore this article attempts to explain the most applicable hypothesis of FLA and also explain the justifications. Then this paper also explains what the sequences stages of children language development.

Literally there are only three most prominent related hypotheses dealing with FLA. They are Innateness or nativism, behaviorism, and cognitivism. From those three hypotheses the author regards that the most applicable hypotheses dealing with FLA is innateness hypothesis. It explains that children automatically acquire language because they are equipped with a special language device called LAD (Language Acquisition Device) in their brain. While the other two are more appropriate to explain second language learning or SLA.

Then concerning the language development of children, basically there are three main processes of language acquisition. They are phonological development, syntactical development, and semantic development.


FLA, Children Language Development

Full Text:



Abqary.M.R. (2015).Pemerolehan Bahasa Pada Anak Usia 2 Tahun. Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Bung Hatta Padang. Diakses 28 Desember 2016.

Aljoundi, Entisar Khalifa. (2014). Language Acquisition Theories. University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Dąbrowska, Ewa and Wojciech Kubinski. (2004). Language Acquisition in the Light of Cognitive Linguistics. In Danute Balšaitytė, ed., Žmogus Kalbos Erdvėje [Man in the Space of Language]. Mokslinių straipsnių rinkinys 3(1), Vilniaus universiteto Kauno humanitarinis fakultetas, 253-267 (2004).

Demirezen, Mehmet. (1988). Behaviorist Theory and Language Learning. Hacettepe Vniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. Vol 3/ page 135-140.

Ferjan, Naja et all. (2013). The initial stages of first-language acquisition begun in adolescence: when late looks early. Cambridge University Press: J. Child Lang. 40 (2013), 391–414

Heidar, Davood M. (2012). First Language Acquisition: Psychological Considerations and Epistemology. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 411-416, February 2012.

Hutauruk, Bertaria Sohnata. (2015). Children First Language Acquisition At Age 1-3 Years Old In Balata. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 20, Issue 8, Ver. V (Aug. 2015), PP 51-57e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845.

Ipek, Hulya. (2009). Comparing and Contrasting First and Second Language Acquisition: Implications for Language Teachers. Anadolu University Journal Vol.2, No.2

Islam, Mohammad Torikul. (2013). First Language Acquisition Theories and Transition to SLA. Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. The Asian Conference on Language Learning 2013.

Johnston, Zulaia Da Cruz. (2015). First Language Acquisition Is Children’s knowledge of language innate?. University of Iceland School of Humanities Department of English.

Mehrpour,Saeed and Ali Forutan. (2015). Theories of First Language Acquisition. Journal of Language, Linguistics and Literature Vol. 1, No. 2, 2015, pp. 30-40.

Palmer, David C. and Smith College. (2000). Chomsky's Nativism: A Critical Review. Smith College: The Analysis of Verbal Behavior page 39-50

Salim, Jamal Azmi & Momammad Mehawesh. (2014). Stages in Language Acquisition: A Case Study. English Language and Literature Studies; Vol. 4, No. 4; 2014 ISSN 1925-4768 E-ISSN 1925-4776

Shiel, Gerry,et all. (2012). Oral Language in Early Childhood and Primary Education (3-8 years). Commissioned research report at Mary Immaculate College.

Sinha, Avanika et all. (2009). Interference of first language in the acquisition of second language. Journal of Psychology and Counseling Vol. 1(7), pp. 117-122, September, 2009

Tomic, Welco. (1993). Behaviorism and Cognitivism in Education. The Open University Social Sciences Departement: A Journal of Human Behavior, Vol 30, No. 3 / 4.


  • There are currently no refbacks.