Rika Rahmawati


ABSTRACT : This study aims to examine the value of cost, revenue, and profit, to know the size of the production risk, price risk, and profit risk and to examine the risk mitigation efforts carried out by tilapia farmers in Polanharjo, Klaten. The basic research method is descriptive analitic. This study was conducted in Polanharjo, Klaten because of highest production based on Department of Agriculture 2018. The number of samples is determined by using proportional random sampling. Sampling by proportional random sampling was 30 respondents. Analysis of the data is using: (1) cost, revenue and profit analysis; (2) risk analysis with coefficient variation values and lower limits: (3) qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of the business analysis indicate that the average cost incurred by farmer’s tilapia in Polanharjo, Klaten on one period for 5 month with  cultivation area of 500 m2 is 211.209.939,41 IDR, the average revenue 258.902.090,39 IDR, and the average profit is 47.692.150,97 IDR. The production that produced by tilapia cultivators in period for 5 months in Polanharjo, Klaten is categorized as risky at 0,51. The selling price of tilapia is not categorized as risky as 0,05. Meanwhile, profits are categorized as risky at 0,78 with a lower limit of -26.432.319,85. Efforts made by farmers to deal with production risks include using waterwheels in ponds, carrying out basic processing of ponds with cleaning and liming, monitoring water quality, carrying out disease control, and handling fish carefully. Price risk is to harvest fish at a time that coincides with school holidays and Eid al-Fitr and avoid harvesting during Eid al-Adha. Profit risk, namely the use of probiotics mixed in feed and bookkeeping for tilapia cultivation.


Key Words: Tilapia Cultivation, Production Risk, Price Risk, Profit Risk, Coefficient Variation.

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